This working paper takes Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS) as a paradigmatic example to discuss contemporary transnationalized production and its impact on labour and labour processes. EMS is a specific form of supply-industry in the Electronic sector. It illustrates how former (“Fordist”) vertically integrated production is replaced by the spatial separation of innovation and manufacturing and the acceleration of firms cost and capability competition. With the concentration of the capital-intensive race for ‘break-through-innovations on so-called flagships or brands on one side, large transnational networks of highly flexible mass-production occur on the other. They de facto function as variable buffers and are located particularly in the peripheries of the three mega-regions of the world. Labour and labour processes are organized in world-wide just-in-time parameters and are globally standardized. However, for labour this integration into modern global production does not translate into so-called social upgrading. Instead, labour processes are marked by rather repressive neo-Taylorist working regimes, (very) low wages and comprehensive social fragmentation. These parameters are illustrated and deepened with the focus on the Central and Eastern European region and a corresponding theoretical framework that sheds light on the polit-economic side of contemporary Europeanization, i.e. competitive European integration.