Citizens tend to be accepting of the harmful effects of video surveillance by the government in lieu of national security. In this article, I reviewed a list of literature that discusses about how the video camera evolved from being a tool that humans use to satisfy voyeuristic tendencies, to an instrument used to conduct state surveillance. I started by defining concepts related to voyeurism and surveillance. Then I looked into how these concepts evolved in traditional and digital media. Afterwards, I looked at how governments see the video camera as a powerful apparatus for citizen surveillance. This power becomes much more concerning with recent advances in technologies, particularly in the Internet of Things (IoT). I concluded by stating the need to set parameters, policies and regulations in using IoT technologies for citizen surveillance, such as facial detection and recognition, to protect citizens privacy and security.