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Titel
Efficacy and feasibility of a humor training for people suffering from depression, anxiety, and adjustment disorder : a randomized controlled trial
VerfasserTagalidou, Nektaria ; Distlberger, Eva ; Loderer, Viola ; Laireiter, Anton-Rupert
Erschienen in
BMC Psychiatry, London, 2019, Jg. 19, H. 93, S. 1-13
ErschienenLondon : BioMed Central, 2019
SpracheEnglisch
DokumenttypAufsatz in einer Zeitschrift
Schlagwörter (EN)Humor training / Depression / Anxiety disorder / Adjustment disorder / RCT
ISSN1471-244X
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubs:3-11777 Persistent Identifier (URN)
DOI10.1186/s12888-019-2075-x 
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Efficacy and feasibility of a humor training for people suffering from depression, anxiety, and adjustment disorder [0.76 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Background

Humor trainings have positive effects on mental health and well-being. However, studies investigating the effects of humor trainings in clinical samples are still rare. This study investigated the efficacy and feasibility of a humor training for people suffering from depression, anxiety and adjustment disorders.

Methods

Based on a diagnostic interview (SCID I and II), 37 people were randomized into a training (n=19) or wait list control group (n=18) and completed questionnaires at pre, post, and 1month follow-up. After the training group had completed its training and evaluation measures, the wait list control group received the training and the outcomes of the group were additionally evaluated (post2 and follow-up2).

Results

After training, improvements in humor-related outcomes were observed for the training group, but these were relativized when compared to the wait list control group. Secondary outcomes remained unaffected by the training. In addition, the training group reported interpersonal difficulties. Within-group analyses of the wait list control group after completion of their training showed effects on almost all primary and secondary outcomes and feedback indicated a better atmosphere.

Conclusions

In summary, the different outcomes of the two groups are surprising and can show potential moderators of efficacy, such as interpersonal and group-specific climate variables. Since moderators of humor trainings in clinical samples have not been investigated at all, future studies should consider integrating them into their design.

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CC-BY-Lizenz (4.0)Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International Lizenz