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Titel
Swimming Pool Evaporative Water Loss and Water Use in the Balearic Islands (Spain)
VerfasserHof, Angela ; Morán-Tejeda, Enrique ; Lorenzo-Lacruz, Jorge ; Blázquez-Salom, Macià
Erschienen in
Water, Basel, 2018, Jg. 10, H. 12, 1-19, 1883
ErschienenBasel : MDPI, 2018
SpracheEnglisch
DokumenttypAufsatz in einer Zeitschrift
Schlagwörter (EN)swimming pools / evaporation / tourism / water resources / Mediterranean / water conservation
ISSN2073-4441
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubs:3-11056 Persistent Identifier (URN)
DOI10.3390/w10121883 
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 Das Werk ist frei verfügbar
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Swimming Pool Evaporative Water Loss and Water Use in the Balearic Islands (Spain) [2.95 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

The Balearic Islands are a major Mediterranean tourist destination that features one of the greatest swimming pool densities within Europe. In this paper, standard meteorological data were combined with a diachronic swimming pool inventory to estimate water evaporation from swimming pools over the Balearic archipelago. Evaporation was estimated using an empirical equation designed for open-water surfaces. Results revealed a 32% increase in swimming pools water use by 2015. Evaporation from swimming pools added 9.6 L of water to touristic consumption per guest night and person, and represented 4.9% of the total urban water consumption. In 2015, almost 5 hm3 (5 billion L) were lost from pools across the Balearic Islands. In several densely urbanized areas, evaporative water loss from pools exceeded four million litres per square kilometre and year. The water needed to refill the total of 62,599 swimming pools and to counteract evaporative water loss is equivalent to 1.2 pools per year. Swimming pools have rapidly proliferated across the islands. We have expounded on this development in view of much-needed responsible water management across the islands.

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CC-BY-Lizenz (4.0)Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International Lizenz