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Title
Towards a mental probability logic
AuthorPfeifer, Niki ; Kleiter, Gernot
Published in
Psychologica Belgica, London : Ubiquity Press, 2005, Vol. 45, Issue 1, page 71-99
LanguageEnglish
Document typeJournal Article
ISSN2054-670X
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubs:3-6280 Persistent Identifier (URN)
DOI10.5334/pb-45-1-71 
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 The work is publicly available
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Abstract (English)

We propose probability logic as an appropriate standard of reference for evaluating human inferences. Probability logical accounts of nonmonotonic reasoning with SYSTEM P, and conditional syllogisms (MODUS PONENS, etc.) are explored. Furthermore, we present categorical syllogisms with intermediate quantifiers, like the "MOST …" quantifier. While most of the paper is theoretical and intended to stimulate psychological studies, we also summarize our empirical studies on human nonmonotonic reasoning.