In this essay, I aim to contribute to the question of how Nietzsche understands the notion of humanity from a relational perspective already situated within the individual in three steps: the first step deals with the critical auspices of Nietzsches understanding of humanity. Hereby, the critical methods of his genealogical critique and his perspectivism will be sketched. The second step focuses on the question of why Nietzsches genealogical critique does not destroy every value. In this context, the relational perspective within the individual is elaborated through the dimension of existential self-recognition. Despite Nietzsches emphasis on the individual, Nietzsche always combines the dimension of the particular with the general within the mode of living. Through the relational perspective within the individual, each human being is able to weigh these dimensions on his or her own. Against the background of Nietzsches depiction of recognition, his understanding of the self cannot contain any alleged form of an essential core. The self, following Nietzsche, develops originally within social contexts in life, thus stressing its practical dimension, which is always entangled relationally. The third step develops Nietzsches understanding of humanity as existential human beings self-depiction. By considering Nietzsches critical auspices, it may appear that Nietzsches harsh critique of humanity addresses a mere traditional understanding of humanity. On the contrary, he stresses an understanding of the individual as “free spirit” that is able to master his or her life on his or her own.