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Costs and benefits of differentiated integration : Lessons from the Schengen and Pruem laboratories
VerfasserGaisbauer, Helmut P. In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
Erschienen in
Salzburg Papers on European Integration, Salzburg, 2010, Jg. 2010, H. 3, S. 1-30
ErschienenSCEUS Salzburg Centre of European Union Studies, 2010
DokumenttypAufsatz in einer Zeitschrift
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubs:3-3374 Persistent Identifier (URN)
 Das Werk ist frei verfügbar
Costs and benefits of differentiated integration [0.12 mb]
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

This article discusses the politics of differentiated integration in European Justice and Home Affairs from a theory of clubs and transaction-cost perspective. By way of comparative analysis of two cases the Schengen regime and the Pruem Treaty I outline the main stages of a differentiation club's career. Analyzing the costs and benefits at stake for club members and non-members allows me to get a tight grasp of the politics of differentiated integration at the different stages. The club's trajectories reveal, however, that contingencies and ad hoc solutions interfere with strategic calculations to a high degree. The article concludes that incorporation efforts necessarily lead to pick-and-choose situations that preclude full uniformity; consequently, outside treaty clubs always lead to á la carte fragmentation. Moreover, time pressure and bargaining dynamics in incorporation efforts preclude effective search for efficient policy solutions; hence, smaller club agendas generate less incorporation problems.