In this essay I take the popularity of the term ‘responsibility in everyday language as opportunity to examine its relation to the term ‘obligation. Firstly there is a general analysis of the term ‘responsibility. Then I discuss three misuses of the term in the context of indeterminism, amoralism, and interactionalism. After close consideration it becomes clear that those uses are general rhetoric deception strategies. They are not bound to the usage of the term ‘responsibility, instead, they can generally come up in communicative references to moral claims. The then following analysis of the concept ‘obligation, which shows some fundamental similarities to the concept of ‘responsibility, also illustrates this. However, ex negative it is shown how a proper recourse of both philosophical basic concepts is possible. Moreover, the differences of those concepts become clear. Despite some essential similarities, the concept of ‘obligation is less complex than the concept of ‘responsibility. This is why the concept of ‘obligation is less suitable as basic concept in the context of some topics of Practical Philosophy. Simultaneously it becomes clear that the question “Responsibility or Obligation?” presents a wrong alternative when it is seen in an excluding sense.