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AuthorMeule, Adrian
Published in
Yale Journal of Biology & Medicine, New Haven, CT, 2015, Vol. 88, Issue 3, page 295-302
PublishedYale School of Medicine, 2015
Document typeJournal Article
Keywords (EN)food addiction / obesity / binge eating / anorexia / bulimia / substance dependence / chocolate
Project-/Reportnumbera narrative review on the history of food addiction research
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubs:3-1747 Persistent Identifier (URN)
 The work is publicly available
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Abstract (English)

In recent years, the concept of food addiction has gained more and more popularity. This approach acknowledges the apparent parallels between substance use disorders and overeating of highly palatable, high-caloric foods. Part of this discussion includes that “hyperpalatable” foods may have an addictive potential because of increased potency due to certain nutrients or additives. Although this idea seems to be relatively new, research on food addiction actually encompasses several decades, a fact that often remains unrecognized. Scientific use of the term addiction in reference to chocolate even dates back to the 19th century. In the 20th century, food addiction research underwent several paradigm shifts, which include changing foci on anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, obesity, or binge eating disorder. Thus, the purpose of this review is to describe the history and state of the art of food addiction research and to demonstrate its development and refinement of definitions and methodologies.

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