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Titel
Is the toxic potential of nanosilver dependent on its size?
VerfasserHuk, Anna ; Izak-Nau, Emilia ; Reidy, Bogumila ; Boyles, Matthew ; Duschl, Albert ; Lynch, Iseult ; Dušinska, Maria
Erschienen in
Particle and Fibre Toxicology, London, 2014, Jg. 11, H. 65, S. 1-16
ErschienenBioMed Central, 2014
SpracheEnglisch
DokumenttypAufsatz in einer Zeitschrift
Schlagwörter (EN)Size-related nanomaterial / toxicity / Silver nanomaterials / Uptake and localisation / Cytotoxicity / Inflammation / DNA damage / Mutagenicity
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubs:3-1465 Persistent Identifier (URN)
DOI10.1186/s12989-014-0065-1 
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Is the toxic potential of nanosilver dependent on its size? [1.73 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Background: Nanosilver is one of the most commonly used engineered nanomaterials (ENMs). In our study we focused on assessing the size-dependence of the toxicity of nanosilver (Ag ENMs), utilising materials of three sizes (50, 80 and 200 nm) synthesized by the same method, with the same chemical composition, charge and coating. Methods: Uptake and localisation (by Transmission Electron Microscopy), cell proliferation (Relative growth activity) and cytotoxic effects (Plating efficiency), inflammatory response (induction of IL-8 and MCP-1 by Enzyme linked immune sorbent assay), DNA damage (strand breaks and oxidised DNA lesions by the Comet assay) were all assessed in human lung carcinoma epithelial cells (A549), and the mutagenic potential of ENMs (Mammalian hprt gene mutation test) was assessed in V79-4 cells as per the OECD protocol. Detailed physico-chemical characterization of the ENMs was performed in water and in biological media as a prerequisite to assessment of their impacts on cells. To study the relationship between the surface area of the ENMs and the number of ENMs with the biological response observed, Ag ENMs concentrations were recalculated from g/cm2 to ENMs cm2/cm2 and ENMs/cm2. Results. Studied Ag ENMs are cytotoxic and cytostatic, and induced strand breaks, DNA oxidation, inflammation and gene mutations. Results expressed in mass unit [g/cm2] suggested that the toxicity of Ag ENMs is size dependent with 50 nm being most toxic. However, re-calculation of Ag ENMs concentrations from mass unit to surface area and number of ENMs per cm2 highlighted that 200 nm Ag ENMs, are the most toxic. Results from hprt gene mutation assay showed that Ag ENMs 200 nm are the most mutagenic irrespective of the concentration unit expressed. Conclusion: We found that the toxicity of Ag ENMs is not always size dependent. Strong cytotoxic and genotoxic effects were observed in cells exposed to Ag ENMs 50 nm, but Ag ENMs 200 nm had the most mutagenic potential. Additionally, we showed that expression of concentrations of ENMs in mass units is not representative. Number of ENMs or surface area of ENMs (per cm2) seem more precise units with which to compare the toxicity of different ENMs.