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Title
How to prevent injuries in alpine ski racing : what do we know and where do we go from here?
AuthorSpörri, Jörg ; Kröll, Josef ; Gilgien, Matthias ; Müller, Erich In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
Published in
Sports Medicine, Berlin, 2016, , Issue Seite 1-17
PublishedSpringer, 2016
LanguageEnglish
Document typeJournal Article
ISSN1179-2035
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubs:3-810 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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 The work is publicly available
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How to prevent injuries in alpine ski racing [0.71 mb]
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Abstract (English)

Alpine ski racing is known to be a sport with a high risk of injury and a high proportion of time-loss injuries. In recent years, substantial research efforts with regard to injury epidemiology, injury etiology, potential prevention measures, and measures evaluation have been undertaken. Therefore, the aims of this review of the literature were (i) to provide a comprehensive overview of what is known about the aforementioned four steps of injury prevention research in the context of alpine ski racing; and (ii) to derive potential perspectives for future research. In total, 38 injury risk factors were previously reported in literature; however, a direct relation to injury risk was proven for only five factors: insufficient core strength/core strength imbalance, sex (depending on type of injury), high skill level, unfavorable genetic predisposition, and the combination of highly shaped, short and wide skis. Moreover, only one prevention measure (i.e. the combination of less-shaped and longer skis with reduced profile width) has demonstrated a positive impact on injury risk. Thus, current knowledge deficits are mainly related to verifying the evidence of widely discussed injury risk factors and assessing the effectiveness of reasonable prevention ideas. Nevertheless, the existing knowledge should be proactively communicated and systematically implemented by sport federations and sport practitioners.

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CC-BY-License (4.0)Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License