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Postcollisional cooling history of the Eastern and Southern Alps and its linkage to Adria indentation / Bianca Heberer, Rebecca Lee Reverman, Maria Giuditta Fellin, Franz Neubauer, István Dunkl, Massimiliano Zattin, Diane Seward, Johann Genser, Peter Brack
AuthorHeberer, Bianca ; Reverman, Rebecca Lee ; Fellin, Maria Giuditta In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Neubauer, Franz ; Dunkl, István ; Zattin, Massimiliano ; Seward, Diane In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Genser, Johann ; Brack, Peter
Published in
International Journal of Earth Sciences, Berlin, 2016,
PublishedSpringer, 2016
DescriptionIllustrationen
LanguageEnglish
Document typeJournal Article
Keywords (EN)Southern and Eastern Alps / Low-temperature thermochronology / Adria indentation / Exhumation
ISSN1437-3254
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubs:3-769 Persistent Identifier (URN)
DOI10.1007/s00531-016-1367-3 
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 The work is publicly available
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Postcollisional cooling history of the Eastern and Southern Alps and its linkage to Adria indentation [3.38 mb]
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Abstract (English)

Indentation of rigid blocks into rheologically weak orogens is generally associated with spatiotemporally variable vertical and lateral block extrusion. The European Eastern and Southern Alps are a prime example of microplate indentation, where most of the deformation was accommodated north of the crustal indenter within the Tauern Window. However, outside of this window only the broad late-stage exhumation pattern of the indented units as well as of the indenter itself is known. In this study we refine the exhumational pattern with new (UThSm)/He and fission-track thermochronology data on apatite from the Karawanken Mountains adjacent to the eastern Periadriatic fault and from the central-eastern Southern Alps. Apatite (UThSm)/He ages from the Karawanken Mountains range between 12 and 5 Ma and indicate an episode of fault-related exhumation leading to the formation of a positive flower structure and an associated peripheral foreland basin. In the Southern Alps, apatite (UThSm)/He and fission-track data combined with previous data also indicate a pulse of mainly Late Miocene exhumation, which was maximized along thrust systems, with highly differential amounts of displacement along individual structures. Our data contribute to mounting evidence for widespread Late Miocene tectonic activity, which followed a phase of major exhumation during strain localization in the Tauern Window. We attribute this exhumational phase and more distributed deformation during Adriatic indentation to a major change in boundary conditions operating on the orogen, likely due to a shift from a decoupled to a coupled system, possibly enhanced by a shift in convergence direction.

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CC-BY-License (4.0)Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License