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Title
Changes in quadriceps muscle activity during sustained recreational alpine skiing
AuthorKröll, Josef ; Müller, Erich In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Seifert, John G. ; Wakeling, James M.
Published in
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, Bursa, 2011, Vol. 2011, Issue 10, page 81-92
PublishedUniversity of Uludag, 2011
LanguageEnglish
Document typeJournal Article
Keywords (EN)Muscle coordination / recruitment / electromyography / wavelet analysis
ISSN1303-2968
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubs:3-395 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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 The work is publicly available
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Changes in quadriceps muscle activity during sustained recreational alpine skiing [0.46 mb]
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Abstract (English)

During a day of skiing thousands of repeated contractions take place. Previous research on prolonged recreational alpine skiing show that physiological changes occur and hence some level of fatigue is inevitable. In the present paper the effect of prolonged skiing on the recruitment and coordination of the muscle activity was investigated. Six subjects performed 24 standardized runs. Muscle activity during the first two (PREskiing) and the last two (POSTskiing) runs was measured from the vastus lateralis (VL) and rectus femoris (RF) using EMG and quantified using wavelet and principal component analysis. The frequency content of the EMG signal shifted in seven out of eight cases significantly towards lower frequencies with highest effects observed for RF on outside leg. A significant pronounced outside leg loading occurred during POSTskiing and the timing of muscle activity peaks occurred more towards turn completion. Specific EMG frequency changes were observed at certain time points throughout the time windows and not over the whole double turn. It is suggested that general muscular fatigue, where additional specific muscle fibers have to be recruited due to the reduced power output of other fibers did not occur. The EMG frequency decrease and intensity changes for RF and VL are caused by altered timing (coordination) within the turn towards a most likely more uncontrolled skiing technique. Hence, these data provide evidence to suggest recreational skiers alter their skiing technique before a potential change in muscle fiber recruitment occurs.