Zur Seitenansicht
 

Titelaufnahme

Titel
Attentional bias toward high-calorie food-cues and trait motor impulsivity interactively predict weight gain / Adrian Meule and Petra Platte
VerfasserMeule, Adrian In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Platte, Petra
Erschienen in
Health Psychology Open, London, 2015,
ErschienenLondon : SAGE Publications, 2016
UmfangIllustrationen
SpracheEnglisch
DokumenttypAufsatz in einer Zeitschrift
Schlagwörter (EN)attentional bias / Barratt Impulsiveness Scale / body mass index / calorie content / dot probe / energy density / food-cues, impulsivity / prospective study / weight gain
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubs:3-43 Persistent Identifier (URN)
DOI10.1177/2055102916649585 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Werk ist frei verfügbar
Dateien
Attentional bias toward high-calorie food-cues and trait motor impulsivity interactively predict weight gain [0.96 mb]
Links
Nachweis
Klassifikation
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Strong bottom-up impulses and weak top-down control may interactively lead to overeating and, consequently, weight gain. In the present study, female university freshmen were tested at the start of the first semester and again at the start of the second semester. Attentional bias toward high- or low-calorie food-cues was assessed using a dot-probe paradigm and participants completed the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Attentional bias and motor impulsivity interactively predicted change in body mass index: motor impulsivity positively predicted weight gain only when participants showed an attentional bias toward high-calorie food-cues. Attentional and non-planning impulsivity were unrelated to weight change. Results support findings showing that weight gain is prospectively predicted by a combination of weak top-down control (i.e. high impulsivity) and strong bottom-up impulses (i.e. high automatic motivational drive toward high-calorie food stimuli). They also highlight the fact that only specific aspects of impulsivity are relevant in eating and weight regulation.

Notiz