Osgood-Schlatter disease occurs in adolescence, with an incidence of about 10%, especially under youngsters who are active in sports. The disease affects the tuberositas tibia and enthesis of the patella tendon based on an overuse which often leads to functional impairments over many years.
There is little evidence concerning physiotherapy treatment, which was investigated through a systematic review in 2014. This work presents an overview of evidence based knowledge about pathophysiology, etiology and physiotherapy of Osgood-Schlatter disease. In addition, it summarizes new knowledge about risk factors and physiotherapy regarding patellar tendinopathy. Based on these facts, a new guideline for physiotherapy treatment was designed. It is a first attempt to use therapy methods depending on the development of the tuberositas tibiae, severity of symptoms and individual risk factors to provide a sustainable care.